Division: Phaeophyta (Brown Algae)
Common names: Ao-kombu, Atlantic Kombu, Barraí raice, Birodo-Kombu, Black kombu, Broadleaf kelp, Ceann a' tslat, Cha-kombu, Chai Tai, Chijimi-kombu, Cloudy kombu, Coirleach, Coirrleach, Cow's tail, Witches’ whip, Horsetail, Neptune’s belt, Sea Girdles, Seaweed, Sugar Wrack, and Tangleweed.
Classification: Eukaryota, Phylum Heterokontophyta, Order Laminariales, Family Laminariaceae.
Browns: There are approximately 30 major brown seaweeds. These are predominately antibacterial, cleansing and regenerative, as well as good for edema, hypertension and gynecological diseases. Specific browns include Laminaria sinclarii (kelp), Saccharine (sugar wruck), Digitate (sea tangle), Fucus (bladder wruck), Laminaria digitata, Laminaria japonica, Laminaria saccharina and Macrocystis pyrifera etc. As in all seaweeds, is known for its high content of minerals.
Laminaria digitata: a large leafy brown algae, grows along cold climate coastlines. They are 3 to 4 meters long and the thallus is composed of a cylindrical caulome and a frond which is wide, long and cloven or split depending on the species. They contain mucilage glands which are covered in groups of sporangia at certain times of the year, and are held on to the rocks by rhizoids.
The constituents are calcium, potassium, iodine, mannitol, as well as fat, protein, carbohydrates and vitamins E, C, B12, B6, B3, B, A and Zn, F, Cr, Co, Mn, I, Na, Fe, P, Mg, K, Ca.
Laminaria in dry form contains 12% water, 15% mineral salts (chlorines, sulphates and iodines). Iodine is particularly abundant in this kind of seaweed, which can contain as much as 0.5% in dry weight.
Laminaria forms forests of underwater or low-tide algae, large carpets covering the ground. It lives in zones that are generally exposed to rough sea conditions. Laminaria exposed at low tide are attacked by the sun and the wind. To live against the rough environment intensely drying action and ensure the survival of their cells, Laminaria are equipped with a protective membrane that closely resembles human skin. Laminaria’s skin has an external epithelium that limits the evaporation of the water contained in the conjunctive tissue that is made up of a polysaccharide gel. Studying the potential of this brown algae’s skin leads to a research and development on a purified Laminaria extract. Of which Laminaria extract has a great reaction to the problem of dehydration of our skin.
Seawater Minerals and Trace Elements in Brown Algae
Brown algae draw from the sea, an incomparable wealth of mineral elements, macro-elements and trace elements.
Laminaria is rich in mineral, amino acids, vitamins A, E, C, B1, B12, E, PP, K, D, iodine (500 times more than vegetable), potassium, phosphorous, calcium, minerals zinc, selenium, magnesium (10 times more than vegetable), beta-carotenes, chromium (essential for glucose utilization), zinc (for collagen strength and healthy skin), iron, potassium, copper, sulphur, silver, tin, zirconium, phosphorous, and silicon (crucial to skin elasticity), magnesium, manganese, boron, bromides and trace elements.
Brown algae are ten times richer in trace elements than land plants. Their mineral ions have a superior skin hydrating moisturizing agent. The blend of sea nutrients restores and maintains the skin’s Natural Moisturizing Factor. The natural moisturizing factor composed of the water-soluble substances amino acids (40%), organic acids, urea and mineral ions, NMF holds water in skin cells. Then it helps to restructure the moisture barrier which helps prevent water loss from skin. The marine formula will increase hydration greatly in the whole epidermis with maintenance of a deep moisturizing effect lasting.
Marine plants have a complete spectrum of chelated minerals, which makes them easier to absorb into the skin. And the seawater in brown algae are similar to human plasma. Therefore all minerals, amino acids, vitamins and trace elements can be absorbed into human skin easily and naturally.
Beauty Benefits of Laminaria
The sea contains in solution every element necessary to maintain healthy life. Thus, algae are considered the most nutritious plants on earth. Their nutritive values greatly exceed those found in other food sources.
Laminaria brown algae capture all the richness from the sea. It is organic and nonpoisonous. There is no genetic manipulation, fertilizer or pesticides, but only the benefits from nature : sea, light and the tides.
Laminaria is packed with easy-to-absorb proteins, vitamins, minerals and lipids, it can protect against environmental pollution and ward off aging by nourishing and moisturizing the skin.
Laminaria has a complete spectrum of chelated minerals, which makes them easier to absorb into the skin, that enhance luster and shine to your skin and improve skin texture and tone.
+ Revitalization and Firming the skin : Rich in minerals like potassium, phosphorous, calcium and magnesium, it maintains firm skin tone.
+ Detoxification : by elimination of toxins. It stimulates blood and lymph circulation to eliminate toxins. Its restorative and detoxifying properties increases Elimination of toxins for a firmer appearance.
+ Antioxidant property : Antioxidants keep our cells young. Brown algae were found that components have antioxidant activities similar to butylated hydroxytoluene, (BHT), a preservative used in vegetable oils.
+ Purifying and oxygenating : It has a stimulating effect on the use of oxygen in the cells